Natural diamonds come from the carbon that forms in the bowels of the Earth, more than 140 km deep, which in conditions of extreme pressure and temperatures, modify and compact their molecules until they modify their crystalline chemical structure, being brought to the surface to through volcanic eruptions.
Total annual production of natural diamonds is usually around 120 million carats
Diamonds can also be produced synthetically in a high-pressure, high-temperature process that roughly simulates conditions in Earth’s mantle. An alternative, and completely different technique, is chemical vapor deposition. About 3 billion carats of synthetic diamonds are typically produced annually for industrial use while as a gem they reach only a few thousand carats per year. Fantasy colored diamonds are usually synthetic since only 0.01% of natural diamonds are fantasy colored. One of the most famous brands in the synthetic diamond jewelry sector is Swarovski.
Many companies have joined the synthetic diamond market in 2018. This new entry into the manufactured diamond market represents a risky turning point not only for particular companies but for the entire gemstone business. Despite its union with the manufactured market, producers are not afraid to assert and defend that a synthetic diamond will never have the unique and inspiring history that a real diamond conveys.
The massive manufacture of synthetic diamonds will dramatically reduce the cost of laboratory-grown jewelry about a third of the price of natural diamonds while influencing the purchase of Millennials who prefer to wear synthetic gems, while wearing diamonds. Natural would remain for the most important or significant moments of life. As you will see, there are ample Lab Diamond Engagement Rings available online now, most of which being quite perfect to wear. You can opt for the best styles ones and gift that to your ladylove.
How are the diamonds cut and polished?
A rough diamond could pass through the vulgar piece of opaque glass with the naked eye. Many people think that when talking about the cut of a diamond, it refers to its shape pear, round, square, oval, etc., however, the correct meaning refers to how well the facets of the diamond interact with light and how it is reflected.
The process of carving is the only one of the 4 qualities of the diamond that is affected by the hand of man and consists of printing a solid or gemological material, one or more shapes that can later be converted into decorative objects at the same time as highlight its optical properties. Much of the diamond is lost in this process and the final gem usually weighs less than half that of the rough uncut stone.
Carving is an art and requires excellent precision and workmanship to shape a gem, as the quality of the cut affects the beauty and brilliance of the diamond. A poorly cut stone is opaque rather than shiny while a well cut diamond is luminous and reflects white and colored light back from the eyes.
What Can Affect The Quality Of The Diamond Cut?
The cut of a diamond is the property that most impacts the beauty of the gem. The prices of diamonds depend on the quality of the cut of the jewel and the precision with which it has been cut, regardless of the size of the gem or the carat weight. The proportionality, symmetry, and depth of a diamond are ideal when the faceted facets (the shiny flat surfaces of a diamond) of the diamond, refract and reflect light back to the eye in spectacular fashion. A perfect cut is considered to be worth more than the color or clarity of the diamond. Two stones can have the same color, the same clarity and the same carat price, but the size will determine which is more valuable than another.
Natural Diamonds Vs Synthetic Diamonds
While the diamond industry has been built on the famous motto “diamonds are forever” by De Beers, one of the world leaders in diamond exploration, mining and retail, large producers have already echoed it on numerous occasions that by the year 2050 the profitable resources of diamonds will be exhausted.
Like many buyers, you can’t help but wonder: Where will you go when the natural resources for diamond mining are depleted? And what solution do the experts propose?
Well, the solution has been on the market for years. They are synthetic diamonds. More and more consumers, especially Millennials, whether for economic or ethical reasons, concerned about the damage created by mining, are opting for synthetic and artificial diamonds instead of natural ones.
What leaves no room for doubt is that there is a drastic increase in demand for lab-grown diamonds and the diamond industry is changing before our eyes. The market is undergoing an unprecedented transformation, being forced to adapt to new consumer desires. While there are many who argue that man-made stones are nothing more than low-grade fakes and that they will never be considered serious products, industry experts are not so sure. At first glance, even an experienced and trained eye expert would have a hard time differentiating between a manufactured and natural diamond.
There are not a few studies, among which in an independent investigation, carried out by the producer, a very high percentage of consumers stated that they want the real thing and are not prepared to settle for anything less. And real means it doesn’t come from a laboratory. Large producers unsurprisingly dismiss any suggestion that synthetic gems are on the same level as real ones. You won’t find synthetic diamonds.
However, despite the industry’s refusal to accept synthetic diamonds as an alternative, their production is proceeding at unstoppable speed, and consumers refuse to classify synthetic diamonds as a low-grade substitute for real ones.
Other research holds to the contrary, that consumers care much more about the origin of the diamond, the effects related to social and humanitarian problems, and that it does not come from human exploitation and forced labor as is often the case with the abundant and expansive industry of diamonds mined from many countries in Africa, where it is rare that adequate labor laws and environmental standards are applied.
To this, the reduced price of synthetic diamonds and the identical image and composition of the gem manufactured with a natural one are added, being able to use it with a clear conscience because that gem was never in the category of the famous “blood diamonds”.
The Synthetic Is Not Natural
There are several techniques for creating laboratory grown diamonds using Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD), High Temperature (HPHT), and High Pressure and they have exactly the same physical characteristics and chemical composition as natural diamonds. Both diamonds are classified in the same way by the Gemological Institute of America (GIA), which provides the client with all the necessary information to make it clear that the diamonds, even billed in the laboratory, are 100% diamonds. And approximately 40% cheaper than those extracted from the earth. And when it is impossible even to distinguish the difference, it is difficult to justify the payment of a monumental amount for the real.